There are thousands upon thousands of lakes on our planet. Almost all of them look roughly the same. However there are some lakes that completely shatter the mold. Whether it be the species that reside in them or the color of their waters, some lakes are truly amazing in how they differ from the rest. Below is a list of the top 10 coolest and most beutiful lakes on earth. Some of these are so incredible it is hard to believe they are real.
Number 10 – Lake Hillier, Australia
As you may have noticed, this is literally a pink lake. Lake Hillier is a lake located on Middle Island, the largest island of the Recherche Archipelago off the south coast of Australia. It is what is called a saline lake which is a lake that has an unusually high amount of dissolved salts and minerals. The lake gets its pink color from the presence of only 1 microorganism, Dunaliella Salina. Dunaliella Salina a type of algae that is able to grow in waters that are so salty, few other microorganisms can survive. The pink color of the lake does change with season or anything else. The pink color is permanent and the water retains its pink color when removed from the lake. While having an unusual apperance, the waters of lake hillier are 100% safe for humans to swim in. However, due to the isolation of the lake there is only one way to get to it. If you want to take a dip in this lake you will have to hop on board a cruise that makes a stop on Middle Island. If you ask us, this looks like it is well worth the cost of the cruise.
Number 9 – Laguna Colorada, Bolivia
Just like Lake Hillier, Laguna Colorada is a salt lake. There is so much salt in this lake that it is classified as a hypersaline body of water. It is located in the altiplano or high plateau of Bolivia. The altiplano and red lake are protected as they are a part of the Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve which is very close to Chile-Bolivia Border. As you can see from the picture the lake can be divided up into two area: 1) the red water and 2) the white islands. The white islands you see in the picture are referred to as “Borax Islands”.The red was is due to the presence of algae that is red due to natural pigments. The lake is also home to a rare species of flamingo. The James Flamingo are abundant in this area.
Number 8 – Five Flower Lake, China
Five Flower Lake is located within the Jiuzhaigou National Park in China. The park is located in the Jiuzhaigou Valley which is on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. Being placed on this means that the place is considered amazing and special enough to be protected by international law. There are many reasons that Five Flower Lake is amazing. First, the lake is one of several different lakes in the Jiuzhaigou Valley. The rest of lakes dry up during certain parts of the summer, freeze in the winter, and do not have transparent water. Five Flower Lake does not freeze in the winter, dry up in the summer, and has transparent sapphire blue water.
For these reasons many of the locals in the area consider the lake to be Holy. However, there are reasons for this. The lake is fed with warm water from an adjacent thermal hot spring so that it doesn’t freeze. Minerals such as calcium carbonate, lime, and multi-colored hydrophytes also help to keep the water a crystal clear sapphire blue. Five Flower Lake has become a major tourist attraction in China attracting tens of thousands of visitors every year. If you would like to visit the lake to see it for yourself you can pay for one of their state-sponsored shuttle bus tours.
Number 7 – Bio-luminescent Lake, Jamaica
The luminous lagoon is located in Trelawney Jamaica. During the day it looks like a typical Lake. However, at night the lake lights up due to the presence of a unique species of microorganism. The lake is filled with what is called “dinoflagellates”. These unique microorganisms are found in some areas of the world where ocean water mixes with freshwater. At nighttime, when the blue bioluminescence can be seen, many tourists pay to experience this for themselves. There is something even more amazing about this bioluminescence.
Disturbances in the water result in the magnification of the blue color. That’s a fancy way of saying when someone moves in the water or swims, the water around flickers an incredibly vibrant blue color. The more you thrash around in the water, the bluer the water around you gets. This is why at nighttime you can literally see the outline of fish that are swimming in its waters.
Number 6 – Spotted Lake, British Columbia
Spotted Lake is unique in the fact that it has numerous spots on the surface, many of which have their own unique color. The lake is a saline endorheic alkali Lake located in the Similkameen Valley of British Columbia, Canada. Dense deposits of various minerals are what gives the lake its unique spotted appearance. These spots can only be seen in the summer when most of the water evaporates. When the water evaporates it reveals the colorful mineral deposits. During especially hot summer months so much water evaporates that you can walk on the lake and passed by each hole of water itself.
If you look at the picture you can tell that the lake is divided into two parts. One part is the holes of water and the other part is the area that encircles each hole. That area is made up of magnesium sulfate and its crystallization in the summer is what separates each hole of water thus trapping unique concentrations into each hole. This is what contributes to each hole having a different color. Another amazing thing about this is that every summer the spots change different colors. If you go visit the lake one year and then come back the next year, you will see a completely different color pattern.
Number 5 – Green Crater Lake, Costa Rica Mountains
Green Crater Lake, also known as Diego De La Haya in Costa Rica, sits on top of a volcano. The Irazu volcano is still active to this day and is known in Costa Rica as “El Colosso”. The volcano has garnered this nickname due to the catastrophes of the past that it is responsible for. It is a very popular tourist attraction. There is a road leading up to the top of the volcano that stays packed with weekly bus tours. The depth of the lake varies throughout the year. In the winter the lake is relatively deep while in the summer months a lot of water is lost through evaporation. The crater itself which holds the water is 2000 feet in diameter and 330 feet deep. There are no known fish species that inhabit its waters.
Number 4 – Lake Retba, Senegal
Lake Retba is a pink Lake located in the African country of Senegal. It lies on the northern part of the Convert Peninsula. Thanks to its close proximity to the capital of Senegal, the car, it is easily accessible by tourist. The lake gets its pink waters due to the presence of Dunaliella salina algae. This is the same type of algae responsible for the pink colors of Lake Hillier in Australia. The difference between this Lake and Lake Hillier is the salt content. Lake Retba has a darker pink color because the higher salt content leads to a higher concentration of Dunaliella salina algae.
The higher the percentage of this algae, the Pinker the water. Another difference between this Lake and Lake Hillier, is that Lake retba is way larger. Thanks to the incredibly high salt content this Lake has similar properties to that of the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea is a lake that is famous for its buoyant properties that allow swimmers to effortlessly float on top of the water. Aside from its beautiful unique appearance and attraction for tourists, the lake serves as a salt source for locals. The salt is mostly used as a preservative for fish and other meats.
Number 3 – Lake Plitvice, Croatia
lake plitvice is located in Plitt vice Lakes national Park in Croatia. It is a UNESCO world heritage site. The lake is known for its series of amazing waterfalls, green vegetation, bridges for tourist visiting the area to see the lake up close, and of course it’s amazing blue waters. It is located near the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The lake is such a popular tourist destination that it’s estimated that over 1 million tourists visit the spot every year. That is a staggering number of people coming to see the lake every single year.
Number 2 – Flathead Lake, Montana
Flathead Lake is the largest natural freshwater lake in the western part of the United States. It measures a staggering 30 miles long and 16 miles wide equating to a total area of 191.5 mi.² The lake is known for its incredible transparent water. The water is so clear and Flathead Lake that kayakers can see the shadow of their kayak on the bottom of the lake. It is also home to a number of fish species including both native and non-native species. Most notably, it is home to an array of different trout species. Some of which are the golden trout, brook trout, rainbow trout, brown trout, lake trout, and Yellowstone cutthroat trout. Some other notable fish that the lake is home to is the northern pike, yellow perch, Kokanee Salmon, and giant sturgeon.
Number 1 – Lake Baikal, Siberia
Lake Baikal Is the most unique body of fresh water in the world and it’s not even close. What makes Lake the call so amazing is both its size and its wildlife, not to mention it’s remarkably beautiful landscape. Amazingly, 80% of the wildlife species found in Lake the call are not found anywhere else in the world. Not only are 80% of the species found in the lake not found anywhere else in the world, but they look so different that they look like they came from a different planet. For example, the lake is home to freshwater seals and freshwater dolphins that look nothing like their ocean water counterparts. The lake is located in Siberia which is one of the coldest parts of the world. This is why the lake stays frozen for a good part of the year. In terms of volume it is the largest lake in the world, even bigger than the Great Lakes of North America. During intense storms the lake is known to have waves reaching up to 15 feet tall.